Artificial Intelligence or AI is one of the most important technical revolutions in the world. It is considered to be as important as the wheel and electricity. You can realize it by considering a moment without AI. What will be the scenario?
- New technologies like autonomous cars, robotics will miss.
- Hey Siri or Hey Alexa, play music. It is common nowadays. It will miss.
- For any query, you jumped to google. And Google shows you million of the results in a fraction of seconds. Google will take hours to search if AI goes missing.
- Nowadays, your smartphone unlocks just by getting a glance of your face. This will miss.
There are hundreds of things that will either not exist or if it exists its efficiency will be very low.
Artificial Intelligence has many branches that are affecting our daily activities.
- Machine Learning
- Deep Learning
- Natural Language Processing(NLP)
- Expert System
- Fuzzy Logic
- Speech Recognition
Machine Learning is a branch of Artificial Intelligence that provide machines especially computer program to learn by themselves even without being explicitly programmed. For this purpose, the program may or may not be provided with a set of labeled training data. Or, the program may use the hit and trial method.
Machine Learning is categorized into 3 types
- Supervised Learning
- Unsupervised Learning
- Reinforcement Learning
The basic idea of deep learning is that it mimics the process by which the brain works. It is a subset of machine learning. And it has the multi-layer structure of an algorithm called neural networks. As humans have neurons. Deep Learning has moved the scope of artificial intelligence to the next level.
Natural Language Processing(NLP)
Have you ever used ‘Grammarly’? You might have. Grammarly uses the branch of AI called NLP(Natural Language Processing). Natural Language Processing is the area that explores how human beings understand and use language so that appropriate tools and techniques can be derived to make computers understand and manipulate languages. It is one of the complex branch of Artificial Intelligence.
Robots are very fascinating, isn’t it. I don’t know about you but for me, yes.
Robotics involves designing, constructing, operating, and using a robot for works that humans have to perform.
An expert system is a branch of artificial intelligence that perform the task of decision making like human expert do.
The expert system solves complex problems by automated reasoning from the vast collection of knowledge.
This is the branch which you will be familiar with. You use google assistant, Siri on your smartphone all these applications use speech recognition.
Speech recognition is the branch that enables the program to process human speech into written format. They use grammar, syntax, structure, and composition of audio and voice signals to understand and process human speech.